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This letter presents a comparison between three Fourier-based motion compensation (MoCo) algorithms for airborne synthetic aperture radar (SAR) systems. These algorithms circumvent the limitations of conventional MoCo, namely the assumption of a reference height and the beam-center approximation. All these approaches rely on the inherent time-frequency relation in SAR systems but exploit it differently, with the consequent differences in accuracy and computational burden. After a brief overview of the three approaches, the performance of each algorithm is analyzed with respect to azimuthal topography accommodation, angle accommodation, and maximum frequency of track deviations with which the algorithm can cope. Also, an analysis on the computational complexity is presented. Quantitative results are shown using real data acquired by the Experimental SAR system of the German Aerospace Center (DLR).
Date of Publication: July 2007