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3-D Structure Design and Reliability Analysis of Wafer Level Package With Stress Buffer Mechanism

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3 Author(s)
Chang-Chun Lee ; Taiwan Semicond. Manuf. Co. (TSMC), Ltd, Hsinchu ; Hsing-Chih Liu ; Kuo-Ning Chiang

With the present trend of multifunction and minimizing of size, the conventional electronic package type no longer meets the requirement of the new-generation products. Consequently, new type packaging, based on the wafer level packages (WLPs) and chip scale packages (CSPs) technology are being developed to achieve these requirements, as well as long term reliability. Novel wafer-level chip scale packages (WLCSP) with a stress buffer layer and bubble-like plate (Fig. 1) are proposed in this research to improve the solder joint fatigue life. The thermal stress caused by the coefficient of thermal expansion mismatch can be significantly reduced, and the reliability of the WLP could be substantially enhanced by this new design. In order to realize the relationship of the solder joint fatigue life, stress buffer layer and bubble-like plate, a finite element parametric analysis applying software ANSYS is utilized. In additions, the methodology based on the finite element method (FEM) used in the study has been verified by the relative experiments in our previous researches. The design parameters include the thickness of the stress buffer layer, thickness, bending angle and standoff height of the different types of bubble-like plate. The results of the FEM analysis reveal that the stress buffer layer and bubble-like plate can relax the thermal stresses of solder joints and enhance the package reliability. Besides, the peeling stress between stress buffer layer and two different types of bubble-like plates is discussed, and the stress state of the leadframe is also analyzed in this research. Furthermore, the findings of this research can be used as the guideline for advanced WLCSP design

Published in:

IEEE Transactions on Components and Packaging Technologies  (Volume:30 ,  Issue: 1 )