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A C-Band Wind/Rain Backscatter Model

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2 Author(s)
Congling Nie ; Dept. of Electr. & Comput. Eng., Brigham Young Univ., Provo, UT ; David G. Long

With the confirmed evidence of rain surface perturbation in recent studies, the rain effects on C-band scatterometer measurements are reevaluated. By using colocated Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission Precipitation Radar, ESCAT on European Remote Sensing Satellites, and European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts data, we evaluate the sensitivity of C-band sigmadeg to rain. We develop a low-order wind/rain backscatter model with inputs of surface rain rate, incidence angle, wind speed, wind direction, and azimuth angle. We demonstrate that the wind/rain backscatter model is accurate enough for describing the total backscatter in raining areas with relatively low variance. We also show that the rain surface perturbation is a dominating factor of the rain-induced backscatter. Using three distinct regimes, we show under what conditions the wind, rain, and both wind and rain can be retrieved from the measurements. We find that the effect of rain has a more significant impact on the measurements at high incidence angles than at low incidence angles

Published in:

IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing  (Volume:45 ,  Issue: 3 )