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Spheroidal Mode Approach for the Characterization of Metallic Objects Using Electromagnetic Induction

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4 Author(s)
Xudong Chen ; Dept. of Electr. & Comput. Eng., Nat. Univ. of Singapore ; O'Neill, K. ; Grzegorczyk, Tomasz M. ; Jin Au Kong

We propose a spheroidal mode approach to characterize the electromagnetic induction (EMI) response of buried objects, assumed to be much more conductive than their environment. Both the excitation and the response are formulated as the linear superpositions of basic spheroidal modes. The scattering coefficients characterize objects, regardless of their geometrical complexity and material inhomogeneity, due to the orthogonality of the spheroidal modes. The ill-conditioning encountered in retrieving the scattering coefficients is dealt with by mode truncation and Tikhonov regularization. The approach is tested for both simulated and measured data, and the retrieval results show encouragingly that only few excitation and response modes effectively represent the EMI response of the objects. The proposed approach is therefore promising in the detection and classification of buried objects

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Geoscience and Remote Sensing, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:45 ,  Issue: 3 )