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Architecture Design and Implementation of an Ad-Hoc Network for Disaster Relief Operations

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5 Author(s)
Pogkas, N. ; Dept. of Electr. & Comput. Eng., Patras Univ. ; Karastergios, G.E. ; Antonopoulos, C.P. ; Koubias, S.
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This paper presents an ad-hoc sensor network especially developed for a disaster relief application that provides the rescue teams with a quickly deployable, cost-effective, and reliable tool to collect information about the presence of people in a collapsed building space and the state of the ruins. The hardware/software architecture of the wireless sensor nodes is developed for a low-cost design implementation. Energy efficiency is another objective of this paper, achieved by the combination of a low-power-mode algorithm and a power-aware routing strategy. A selected set of simulation studies indicate a reduction in energy consumption and a significant increase in node lifetime whereas network performance is not affected significantly. Finally, a lightweight management architecture is presented to facilitate autonomous management of ad-hoc sensor networks

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Industrial Informatics, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:3 ,  Issue: 1 )