Scheduled System Maintenance on May 29th, 2015:
IEEE Xplore will be upgraded between 11:00 AM and 10:00 PM EDT. During this time there may be intermittent impact on performance. For technical support, please contact us at We apologize for any inconvenience.
By Topic

PA-FMIP: a Mobility Prediction Assisted Fast Handover Protocol

Sign In

Cookies must be enabled to login.After enabling cookies , please use refresh or reload or ctrl+f5 on the browser for the login options.

Formats Non-Member Member
$31 $13
Learn how you can qualify for the best price for this item!
Become an IEEE Member or Subscribe to
IEEE Xplore for exclusive pricing!
close button

puzzle piece

IEEE membership options for an individual and IEEE Xplore subscriptions for an organization offer the most affordable access to essential journal articles, conference papers, standards, eBooks, and eLearning courses.

Learn more about:

IEEE membership

IEEE Xplore subscriptions

2 Author(s)
Bergh, Andre E. ; Cape Town Univ., Rondebosch ; Ventura, N.

This paper introduces a prediction assisted fast handover protocol (PA-FMIP) that integrates a mobility prediction algorithm into a fast reactive handover scheme. A simple data mining approach is used to implement the prediction algorithm based solely on the user's mobility history between wireless IP subnets. Through simulation, the accuracy of the algorithm is evaluated over a city section of West University Area in Texas by a single user traveling with vehicular mobility. The optimal prediction parameters are found for an average accuracy of 92.5%. The handover performance of the PA-FMIP scheme is compared to MIPv6, proactive FMIPv6, reactive FMIPv6 and simultaneous bindings. Simulation results show a 43% decrease in handover packet loss over reactive FMIPv6 and an improvement in TCP throughput. The overhead incurred as a result of the packet forwarding is 50% less than that of Neighbor Casting in the same scenario

Published in:

Military Communications Conference, 2006. MILCOM 2006. IEEE

Date of Conference:

23-25 Oct. 2006