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Quantitative Evaluation of Perspective and Stereoscopic Displays in Three-Axis Manual Tracking Tasks

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5 Author(s)
Won S. Kim ; Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Sciences, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA ; Stephen R. Ellis ; Mitchell E. Tyler ; Blake Hannaford
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Optimal presentation of three-dimensional information on a two-dimensional display screen requires careful design of the projection to the display surface. Monoscopic perspective projection alone is usually not sufficient to represent three-dimensional spatial information. It can, however, be improved by the adjustment of perspective parameters and by geometric visual enhancements such as reference lines and a background grid. Stereoscopic display is another method of providing three-dimensional information to the human operator. Two experiments are performed with three-axis manual tracking tasks. The first experiment investigates the effects of perspective parameters on tracking performance. The second experiment investigates the effects of visual enhancements for both monoscopic and stereoscopic displays. Results indicate that, though stereoscopic displays do generally permit superior tracking performance, monoscopic displays can allow equivalent performance when they are defined with optimal perspective parameters and provided with adequate visual enhancements.

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IEEE Transactions on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics  (Volume:17 ,  Issue: 1 )