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An Inductively Coupled Lamb Wave Transducer

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4 Author(s)
David W. Greve ; Dept. of Electr. & Comput. Eng., Carnegie Mellon Univ., Pittsburgh, PA ; Hoon Sohn ; C. Patrick Yue ; Irving J. Oppenheim

Wafer-type piezoelectric transducers are effective transducers for the excitation and detection of ultrasonic Lamb waves in plate-like structures. Such transducers are, however, vulnerable to corrosion and physical damage when mounted in exposed locations. In this paper we describe an inductively coupled Lamb wave transducer that eliminates the need for direct electrical connections. Signals are coupled into and out of the transducer using two probe coils. In this paper we explore the operation of inductively coupled transducers both analytically and experimentally. Finite-element analysis is used to determine inductances and the coupling constant, and electrical circuit analysis to determine the transfer function and its dependence on the gap between the probe coils and the transducer. Experiments show that return signals of millivolt amplitude are obtained when the transducer is excited with 10-V amplitude pulses. These transducers are suitable for permanent mounting on structures to be monitored for cracks or flaws

Published in:

IEEE Sensors Journal  (Volume:7 ,  Issue: 2 )