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Subsurface Sensing of Buried Objects Under a Randomly Rough Surface Using Scattered Electromagnetic Field Data

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4 Author(s)
Firoozabadi, R. ; Dept. of Electr. & Comput. Eng., Northeastern Univ., Boston, MA ; Miller, E.L. ; Rappaport, C.M. ; Morgenthaler, A.W.

This paper proposes a new inverse method for microwave-based subsurface sensing of lossy dielectric objects embedded in a dispersive lossy ground with an unknown rough surface. An iterative inversion algorithm is employed to reconstruct the geometry and dielectric properties of the half-space ground as well as that of the buried object. B-splines are used to model the shape of the object as well as the height of the rough surface. In both cases, the control points for the spline function represent the unknowns to be recovered. A single-pole rational transfer function is used to capture the dispersive nature of the background. Here, the coefficients in the numerator and denominator are the unknowns. The approach presented in this paper is based on the state-of-the-art semianalytic mode matching forward model, which is a fast and efficient algorithm to determine the scattered electromagnetic fields. Numerical experiments involving two-dimensional geometries and TM incident plane waves demonstrate the accuracy and reliability of this inverse method

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Geoscience and Remote Sensing, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:45 ,  Issue: 1 )