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Postfault Analysis of Operation of Distance Protective Relays of Power Transmission Lines

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3 Author(s)
Izykowski, J. ; Wroclaw Univ. of Technol. ; Rosolowski, E. ; Saha, M.M.

This paper deals with the postfault analysis of the operation of distance protective relays from the line terminals. The signals of the digital distance relays are processed in the offline regime with the aim of evaluating the particular relay operation case. First, the program enables imitating the fault-loop impedance measurements of the distance relays. Second, the two-end unsynchronized measurements of the relays are considered. The unknown synchronization angle is determined by using the developed noniterative procedure. Then, the distance to fault is calculated. It is applied for calculating the actual values of impedance for the line sections. Comparing the results of these two ways performs analysis of operation of the relays under resistive fault cases. The described postfault analysis algorithm has been tested with the fault data obtained from versatile Alternative Transients Program-Electromagnetic Transients Program simulations. The examples are reported and discussed

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Power Delivery, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:22 ,  Issue: 1 )