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A Novel Rate Control Scheme for Low Delay Video Communication of H.264/AVC Standard

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3 Author(s)
Yang Liu ; Sch. of Electr. & Electron. Eng., Nanyang Technol. Univ. ; Zhengguo G. Li ; Yeng Chai Soh

This paper presents a novel rate control scheme for low delay video communication of H.264/AVC standard. A switched mean-absolute-difference (MAD) prediction scheme is introduced to enhance the traditional temporal MAD prediction model, which is not suitable for predicting abrupt MAD fluctuations. Our new model could reduce the MAD prediction error by up to 69%. Furthermore, an accurate linear rate-quantization (R-Q) model is also formulated to describe the relationship between the total amount of bits for both texture and nontexture information and the quantization parameter (QP), so that the negative effect caused by the inaccurate estimation of nontexture bits is removed. By exploring the relationship between peak signal-to-noise ratio and QP value, the proposed linear R-Q model could further optimize QP calculation at the macroblock level. When compared with the rate control scheme JVT-G012 which is adopted by the latest JVT H.264/AVC reference model JM9.8, the proposed rate control algorithm could reduce the mismatch between actual bits and target ones by up to 75%. To meet the low delay requirement, the buffer is better controlled to prevent overflowing and underflowing. The average luminance PSNR of reconstructed video is increased by up to 1.13 dB at low bit rates, and the subjective video quality is also improved

Published in:

IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems for Video Technology  (Volume:17 ,  Issue: 1 )