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Evaluation of synchronous-rectification efficiency improvement limits in forward converters

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3 Author(s)
Jovanovic, M.M. ; DELTA Power Electron. Lab. Inc., Blacksburg, VA, USA ; Zhang, M.T. ; Lee, F.C.

Design trade-offs for different implementations of the forward power converter with synchronous rectifiers are presented, and effects of the synchronous rectifier driving method on the conversion efficiency are evaluated. Specifically, the merits and limitations of the RCD-clamp and active-clamp reset approaches for a power converter with self-driven synchronous rectifiers are discussed. Estimates of the upper limits of the efficiency improvements of the discussed synchronous rectification approaches relative to the Schottky diode implementation are derived. Finally, experimental comparisons of efficiencies for an offline, 3.3 V/20 A forward power converter power stage are presented and compared with the theoretically estimated ones

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Industrial Electronics, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:42 ,  Issue: 4 )