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Reciprocal-wedge transform for space-variant sensing

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2 Author(s)
Tong, F. ; Comput. Inf. Syst. Fac., Univ. Coll. of Fraser Valley, BC, Canada ; Ze-Nian Li

The reciprocal-wedge transform (RWT) is presented as an alternative to the log-polar transform which has been a popular model for space-variant sensing in computer vision. The RWT facilitates an anisotropic variable resolution. Unlike the log-polar, its variable resolution is predominantly in one dimension. Consequently, the RWT preserves linearity of lines and translations in the original image. In this paper, a concise matrix representation of the RWT is presented. Its properties in geometrical transformations and data reduction are described. A projective model for the transform and a potential hardware RWT camera design are also illustrated. As examples of initial applications, the RWT is used for finding road directions in navigation, and for recovering depth in motion stereo. Two types of motion stereo are presented, namely the longitudinal and lateral motion stereo. In all cases, the RWT images offer much reduced and adequate data owing to the variable resolution. Preliminary experimental results from test images of road-vehicle navigation and moving objects on a miniature assembly line are demonstrated

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Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:17 ,  Issue: 5 )