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Inertial navigation systems for mobile robots

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2 Author(s)
B. Barshan ; Dept. of Electr. Eng., Bilkent Univ., Ankara, Turkey ; H. F. Durrant-Whyte

A low-cost solid-state inertial navigation system (INS) for mobile robotics applications is described. Error models for the inertial sensors are generated and included in an extended Kalman filter (EKF) for estimating the position and orientation of a moving robot vehicle. Two different solid-state gyroscopes have been evaluated for estimating the orientation of the robot. Performance of the gyroscopes with error models is compared to the performance when the error models are excluded from the system. Similar error models have been developed for each axis of a solid-state triaxial accelerometer and for a conducting-bubble tilt sensor which may also be used as a low-cost accelerometer. An integrated inertial platform consisting of three gyroscopes, a triaxial accelerometer and two tilt sensors is described

Published in:

IEEE Transactions on Robotics and Automation  (Volume:11 ,  Issue: 3 )