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Estimating mean scatterer spacing with the frequency-smoothed spectral autocorrelation function

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2 Author(s)
Varghese, T. ; Dept. of Electr. Eng., Kentucky Univ., Lexington, KY, USA ; Donohue, K.D.

The quasiperiodicity of regularly spaced scatterers results in characteristic patterns in the spectra of backscattered ultrasonic signals from which the mean scatterer spacing can be estimated. The mean spacing has been considered for classifying certain biological tissue. This paper addresses the problem of estimating the mean scatterer spacing from backscattered ultrasound signals using the frequency-smoothed spectral autocorrelation (SAC) function. The SAC function exploits characteristic differences between the phase spectrum of the resolvable quasiperiodic scatterers and the unresolvable uniformly distributed (diffuse) scatterers to improve estimator performance over other estimators that operate directly on the magnitude spectrum. Mean scatterer spacing estimates are compared for the frequency-smoothed SAC function and a cepstral technique using an AR model. Simulation results indicate that SAC-based estimates converge more reliably over smaller amounts of data than cepstrum-based estimates. An example of computing an estimate from liver tissue scans is also presented for the SAC function and the AR cepstrum.<>

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Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics, and Frequency Control, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:42 ,  Issue: 3 )