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A survey on the design of multiprocessing systems for artificial intelligence applications

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2 Author(s)
Wah, B. ; Coordinated Sci. Lab., Illinois Univ., Urbana, IL, USA ; Li, G.J.

Some issues in designing computers for artificial intelligence (AI) processing are discussed. These issues are divided into three levels: the representation level, the control level, and the processor level. The representation level deals with the knowledge and methods used to solve the problem and the means to represent it. The control level is concerned with the detection of dependencies and parallelism in the algorithmic and program representations of the problem, and with the synchronization and scheduling of concurrent tasks. The processor level addresses the hardware and architectural components needed to evaluate the algorithmic and program representations. Solutions for the problems of each level are illustrated by a number of representative systems. Design decisions in existing projects on AI computers are classed into top-down, bottom-up, and middle-out approaches

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Systems, Man and Cybernetics, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:19 ,  Issue: 4 )