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The helical window token ring

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2 Author(s)
Kschischang, F.R. ; Dept. of Electr. Eng., Toronto Univ., Ont., Canada ; Molle, M.

An access rule for token ring local-area networks called the helical-window token-ring protocol is introduced. It features the use of a window that limits the allowable messages a token-holding station can send. With the window, the operation of the protocol approaches that of a central single-server queuing system in the sense that messages are delivered in near first-come-first-served order on a network-wide basis. The introduction of the window also makes analysis of the networks tractable. Exact analytical formulas for the capacity and for the mean, variance, and moment-generating function of the message waiting time are derived. Numerical simulation is used to verify the results. Comparisons with continuous polling systems show that the imposition of the windowed access rule can lead to significant reductions in the delay variance (at the cost of increasing the mean system time) when the traffic is heavy and/or the message transmission time is large with respect to the walk time of the ring

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Information Theory, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:35 ,  Issue: 3 )