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Selecting distinctive scene features for landmarks

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2 Author(s)
Shigang Li ; Dept. of Control Eng., Osaka Univ., Japan ; Tsuji, S.

Autonomous finding of landmarks for guiding long-distance navigation by a mobile is explored. In a trial, the robot continuously views and memorizes scenes along the route. When the same route is subsequently pursued again, the robot locates and orients itself based on the memorized scene. Since the stream of images is highly redundant, it is transformed into an intermediate 21/2D representation, called the panoramic representation (PR), with a much smaller amount of data. Although the PR can be used for guidance of the autonomous navigation, it still contains a huge amount of data for a very long route. A human memorizes only very impressive objects along the route and uses them as landmarks. The robot also finds distinctive objects along the route and memorizes their features and spatial relationships. 3D objects are segmented in the PR by fusing range estimates and color attributes, and then a structure map representing their arrangement in space is obtained. In order to find distinctive objects for use as landmarks, the spatial relationships, shapes, and color attributes of the objects are examined

Published in:

Robotics and Automation, 1992. Proceedings., 1992 IEEE International Conference on

Date of Conference:

12-14 May 1992