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Active learning for adaptive mobile sensing networks

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3 Author(s)
Singh, A. ; Dept. of Electr. Eng. & Comput. Sci., Univ. of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, WI ; Nowak, R. ; Ramanathan, P.

This paper investigates data-adaptive path planning schemes for wireless networks of mobile sensor platforms. We focus on applications of environmental monitoring, in which the goal is to reconstruct a spatial map of environmental factors of interest. Traditional sampling theory deals with data collection processes that are completely independent of the target map to be estimated, aside from possible a priori specifications reflective of assumed properties of the target. We refer to such processes as passive learning methods. Alternatively, one can envision sequential, adaptive data collection procedures that use information gleaned from previous observations to guide the process. We refer to such feedback-driven processes as active learning methods. Active learning is naturally suited to mobile path planning, in which previous samples are used to guide the motion of the mobiles for further sampling. This paper presents some of the most encouraging theoretical results to date that support the effectiveness of active over passive learning, and focuses on new results regarding the capabilities of active learning methods for mobile sensing. Tradeoffs between latency, path lengths, and accuracy are carefully assessed using our theory. Adaptive path planning methods are developed to guide mobiles in order to focus attention in interesting regions of the sensing domain, thus conducting spatial surveys much more rapidly while maintaining the accuracy of the estimated map. The theory and methods are illustrated in the application of water current mapping in a freshwater lake

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Information Processing in Sensor Networks, 2006. IPSN 2006. The Fifth International Conference on

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