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Simultaneous measurements of ku- and ka-band sea surface cross sections by an airborne Radar

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3 Author(s)
Tanelli, S. ; Jet Propulsion Lab., California Inst. of Technol., Pasadena, CA ; Durden, S.L. ; Im, E.

The dual-frequency Airborne Precipitation Radar-2 (APR-2) was deployed during the Wakasa Bay Experiment in 2003, for validation of the Advanced Microwave Scanning Radiometer-EOS. Besides providing extensive observations of diverse precipitating systems, this Ku-(13.4 GHz) and Ka-band (35.6 GHz) cross-track scanning radar measured sea surface backscatter simultaneously. While the characteristics of the normalized sea surface cross section sigma0 at Ku-band are well understood and widely published, the existing experimental data concerning sigma0 at Ka-band are scarce and results are inconsistent. In this letter, the Ku/Ka-band sigma0 measurements collected by APR-2, together with the estimated uncertainties, are discussed. In general, the measured sigma0 at Ka-band at around 10deg incidence angle appears to be close to that at Ku-band sigma0, and Ka-band exhibits a nonnegligible difference in wind dependence with respect to Ku-band for moderate to high winds

Published in:

Geoscience and Remote Sensing Letters, IEEE  (Volume:3 ,  Issue: 3 )