By Topic

Effects of soil electromagnetic properties on metal detectors

Sign In

Cookies must be enabled to login.After enabling cookies , please use refresh or reload or ctrl+f5 on the browser for the login options.

Formats Non-Member Member
$31 $13
Learn how you can qualify for the best price for this item!
Become an IEEE Member or Subscribe to
IEEE Xplore for exclusive pricing!
close button

puzzle piece

IEEE membership options for an individual and IEEE Xplore subscriptions for an organization offer the most affordable access to essential journal articles, conference papers, standards, eBooks, and eLearning courses.

Learn more about:

IEEE membership

IEEE Xplore subscriptions

1 Author(s)
Das, Y. ; Threat Detection Group, Med. Hat, Canada

This paper presents an analysis, based on existing work in geophysics and nondestructive testing, of the effects of soil electromagnetic properties on the functioning of metal detectors widely used to detect buried landmines. The host soil is modeled as a half-space having real and frequency-independent electrical conductivity but frequency-dependent complex magnetic susceptibility. The analysis technique has been applied to three examples of soil of practical importance, namely, nonconducting soil with frequency-independent susceptibility, nonconducting soil with frequency-dependent susceptibility, and nonmagnetic soil with constant conductivity. Simplifications are made to clearly explain a number of previous field and experimental observations, for example, the greater influence of magnetic properties than of electrical conductivity on the performance of metal detectors. Results also show that soil magnetic properties affect continuous wave and pulsed-induction detectors differently. The effect that electrical conductivity and magnetic susceptibility of the host soil have on the signal produced by a target is investigated by computing the response of a buried small metallic sphere. Computations show that in some cases, which could represent practical landmine detection scenarios, the signal from the soil can dominate that due to the target, making it hard to detect the target. Further, it is shown that magnetic soil can alter a target's spectral response, which implies that, contrary to present practice, object identification techniques should take into account the electromagnetic parameters of the host medium.

Published in:

Geoscience and Remote Sensing, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:44 ,  Issue: 6 )