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Enhancing the output power of GaN-based LEDs grown on wet-etched patterned sapphire substrates

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9 Author(s)
Lee, Y.J. ; Dept. of Photonic, Nat. Chiao Tung Univ., Hsinchu ; Hwang, J.M. ; Hsu, T.C. ; Hsieh, M.H.
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GaN-based light-emitting diodes (LEDs) with emitting wavelength of 450 nm were grown on patterned sapphire substrates (PSSs) fabricated by chemical wet etching. The crystallography-etched facet was {1-102} R-plane with a 57deg against {0001} C-axis and had superior capability for enhancing light extraction efficiency. The light output power of the PSS LED was 1.15 times higher than that of the conventional LED at an injection current of 20 mA. The output power and external quantum efficiency were estimated to be 9 mW and 16.4%, respectively. The improvement was attributed not only to geometrical shapes of {1-102} crystallography-etched facets that efficiently scatter the guided light to find escape cones, but also to dislocation density reduction by adopting the PSS growth scheme

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Photonics Technology Letters, IEEE  (Volume:18 ,  Issue: 10 )