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The potential impact of shell fragment distributions on high-frequency seafloor backscatter

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1 Author(s)
Lyons, A.P. ; Appl. Res. Lab., Pennsylvania State Univ., State College, PA

There has been much recent activity on developing and testing high-frequency seafloor volume scattering models and on the related high-resolution characterization of seafloor volumes. This paper will address another plausible volume scattering mechanism that has not yet received much attention-distributions of broken shell fragments in sediment (commonly referred to as shell hash). The shell fragments are modeled as nonaggregating spherical scatterers, and the spatial distribution of the shell pieces is determined using the Percus-Yevick packing factor. Computer simulations of the multiple scattering and a single scattering model are used to study the power backscattered by shell hash sediments as a function of the volume of scatterers and the frequency of the incident wave (10-100 kHz). Parameter values for simulations are obtained by stereological analysis of x-ray computed tomography scans of sediment cores

Published in:

Oceanic Engineering, IEEE Journal of  (Volume:30 ,  Issue: 4 )