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In the past few years, there has been a lot of research in the area of global placement. In comparison, not much attention has been paid to the detailed placement problem. Existing detailed placers either fail to improve upon the excellent solution quality enabled by good global placers or are very slow. To handle the above problems, we focus on the detailed placement problem. We present an efficient and effective detailed placement algorithm to handle the wirelength minimization problem. The main contributions of our work are: (1) an efficient Global Swap technique to identify a pair of cells that can be swapped to reduce wirelength; (2) a flow that combines the Global Swap technique with other heuristics to produce very good wirelength; (3) an efficient single-segment clustering technique to optimally shift cells within a segment to minimize wirelength. On legalized mPL5 global placements on the IBM standard-cell benchmarks, our detailed placer can achieve 19.0%, 13.2% and 0.5% more wirelength reduction compared to Fengshui5.0, rowironing and Domino respectively. Correspondingly we are 3.6× 2.8× and 15× faster. On the ISPD05 benchmarks (Gi-Joon Nam et al., 2005), we achieve 8.1% and 9.1% more wirelength reduction compared to Fengshui5.0 and rowironing respectively. Correspondingly we are 3.1× and 2.3× faster.
Date of Conference: 6-10 Nov. 2005