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A comparison of models of force production during stimulated isometric ankle dorsiflexion in humans

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3 Author(s)
Bobet, J. ; Centre for Neurosci., Univ. of Alberta, Edmonton, Alta., Canada ; Gossen, E.R. ; Stein, R.B.

In this paper, we compare seven models on their ability to fit isometric muscle force. We stimulated the ankle dorsiflexors of eight subjects at seven ankle angles (85°-120°). Three different stimulation patterns (twitch, triangular, and random) were applied at all ankle angles. Four additional patterns (doublets, steady rates, "catch property," and walking-like) were applied at 95°. Parameter values were optimized for each model at each angle. Parameters for the general linear model were calculated using a novel least-squares algorithm. A linear, second-order critically damped model gave the poorest fits (average root mean square (rms) error: 15 N). The models of Ding et al. (2002) and Bobet and Stein (1998) gave the best fits (average rms errors: 9.2 and 9.4 N). The other models (general linear second-order model, Wiener model, Zhou et al. (1995) model, general linear model) gave intermediate results. Results were similar at all ankle angles. We conclude that the Ding and Bobet-Stein models are the best overall for isometric contractions, that no linear model of any kind will give an error less than 9% of maximum force, and that the models tested are consistent across lengths.

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Neural Systems and Rehabilitation Engineering, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:13 ,  Issue: 4 )