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Performance of conventional image restoration methods is sensitive to signal-to-noise ratios. For heavily blurred and noisy human facial images, information contained in the eigen-face subspace can be used to compensate for the lost details. The blurred image is decomposed into the eigen-face subspace and then restored with a regularized total constrained least square method. With Generalized cross-validation, a cost function is deduced to include two unknown parameters: the regularization factor and one parameter relevant to point spread function. It is shown that, in minimizing the cost function, the cost function dependence of any one unknown parameter can be separated from the other one, which means the cost function can be considered roughly, depending on single variable in an iterative algorithm. With realistic constraints on the regularized factor, a global minimum for the cost function is achieved to determine the unknown parameters. Experiments are presented to demonstrate the effectiveness and robustness of the new method.
Date of Publication: Nov. 2005