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This paper presents a reflector recognition and localization technique in three-dimensional (3-D) environments, using only times-of-flight (TOFs) data obtained from ultrasonic transducers. The recognition and localization technique is based on the principal component analysis applied to the TOF vectors originating from a sensor that contains two emitting transducers and several receivers. The two emitters simultaneously transmit two coded pulses that are detected later on and discriminated by the receivers, after being reflected in the environment. The proposed technique allows for the possibility of not only recognizing the reflectors, but also estimating approximately its localization referred to the sensor. This technique has been tested with three types of reflectors in 3-D environments: planes, edges, and corners. The achieved results are very satisfactory for reflectors located in the range 50-350 cm.
Date of Publication: Oct. 2005