By Topic

POMR: a power-aware interconnect optimization methodology

Sign In

Cookies must be enabled to login.After enabling cookies , please use refresh or reload or ctrl+f5 on the browser for the login options.

Formats Non-Member Member
$31 $13
Learn how you can qualify for the best price for this item!
Become an IEEE Member or Subscribe to
IEEE Xplore for exclusive pricing!
close button

puzzle piece

IEEE membership options for an individual and IEEE Xplore subscriptions for an organization offer the most affordable access to essential journal articles, conference papers, standards, eBooks, and eLearning courses.

Learn more about:

IEEE membership

IEEE Xplore subscriptions

3 Author(s)
Youssef, A. ; Dept. of Electr. & Comput. Eng., Univ. of Waterloo, Ont., Canada ; Anis, M. ; Elmasry, M.

As VLSI technologies scale down, the average die size is expected to remain constant or to slightly increase with each generation. This results in an average increase in the global interconnect lengths. To mitigate their impact, buffer insertion has become the most widely used technique. However, unconstrained buffering is expected to require several hundreds of thousands of global interconnect buffers. This increased number of buffers is destined to adversely impact the chip power consumption. In this paper, an optimal power maze routing and buffer insertion/sizing problem for a two-pin net is formulated, as a shortest paths ranking problem. The pseudopolynomial time bound of the new formulation fits well within the context of the increased number of buffers. In fact, power savings as high as 25% for the 130-nm technology with a 10% sacrifice in delay is achieved. Furthermore, with the advent of dual threshold technologies, power sensitive applications can substantially benefit from adopting dual threshold buffers. Accordingly, the proposed problem formulation is extended to incorporate the selection of the buffer threshold voltage, where a twofold increase in power savings is observed. During the assessment of the impact of technology scaling using a set of MCNC Benchmarks, an average power saving as high as 35% with a 10% sacrifice in delay is observed. In addition, there is a 10% variation in the power savings when accounting for the process variations.

Published in:

Very Large Scale Integration (VLSI) Systems, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:13 ,  Issue: 3 )