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A novel digitally-actuated shaped micromirror for on-off optical switch applications is described. Reflective static spherical mirrors were designed and fabricated using conventional surface micromachining and the MultiPoly process, a technique for depositing multilayers of LPCVD polysilicon in order to control the overall stress and stress gradient. The resulting mirrors were measured to have radii of curvature of approximately 9 mm in agreement with design predictions. Based upon these static mirrors, an actuatable micromirror (diameter=500 μm, static radius curvature=6.4 mm) was designed for snap action. This mirror was simulated using an electromechanical coupled-field model and fabricated using the MultiPoly process. Its performance was measured dynamically using an interferometer. A curved-to-flat digital actuation of the mirror was successfully achieved with a pull-in voltage of 38 V.
Date of Publication: Feb. 2005