Cart (Loading....) | Create Account
Close category search window
 

Pulse-domain digital image processing for vision chips employing low-voltage operation in deep-submicrometer technologies

Sign In

Cookies must be enabled to login.After enabling cookies , please use refresh or reload or ctrl+f5 on the browser for the login options.

Formats Non-Member Member
$31 $13
Learn how you can qualify for the best price for this item!
Become an IEEE Member or Subscribe to
IEEE Xplore for exclusive pricing!
close button

puzzle piece

IEEE membership options for an individual and IEEE Xplore subscriptions for an organization offer the most affordable access to essential journal articles, conference papers, standards, eBooks, and eLearning courses.

Learn more about:

IEEE membership

IEEE Xplore subscriptions

7 Author(s)
Kagawa, K. ; Nara Inst. of Sci. & Technol., Japan ; Yasuoka, K. ; Ng, D.C. ; Furumiya, T.
more authors

A new architecture for pixel-level parallel image processing in the pulse domain for CMOS vision chips has been developed. Image processing such as edge enhancement, edge detection, and blurring are realized based on suppression and promotion of digital pulses; the pixel value is represented by the frequency of digital pulses by use of a pulse-frequency modulation (PFM) photosensor or that with an in-pixel 1-bit analog-to-digital converter. The proposed architecture is suitable for low-voltage operation in deep-submicrometer technologies because the image processing is implemented by 1-bit fully digital circuits with a small number of logic gates. The principles of the image processing are addressed. We have fabricated a 16 × 16-pixel prototype vision chip. The relationship between illumination and the output pulse frequency is characterized. Step responses of the prototype vision chip for fundamental image processing operations show good agreement with those expected by correlation-based spatial filtering. A simple image binarization method specific to our architecture is also presented. The histograms of the intervals of the output pulses after image processing show multiple peaks, which indicates that averaging of the intervals is required for longer periods to achieve higher image-processing quality. To improve the linearity of pulse frequency dependence on illumination, usage of random clocks is discussed.

Published in:

Selected Topics in Quantum Electronics, IEEE Journal of  (Volume:10 ,  Issue: 4 )

Date of Publication:

July-Aug. 2004

Need Help?


IEEE Advancing Technology for Humanity About IEEE Xplore | Contact | Help | Terms of Use | Nondiscrimination Policy | Site Map | Privacy & Opting Out of Cookies

A not-for-profit organization, IEEE is the world's largest professional association for the advancement of technology.
© Copyright 2014 IEEE - All rights reserved. Use of this web site signifies your agreement to the terms and conditions.