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A spectrally clean transmitting system for solid-state phased-array radars

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6 Author(s)
Faust, H.H. ; Naval Res. Lab., Washington, DC, USA ; Connolly, B. ; Firestone, T.M. ; Chen, R.C.
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Navy radar operations are being curtailed in a littoral environment. This is due to two factors: the encroachment of cell phone systems into the naval radar bands; in-band interference from other radars. The spectral width of most pulsed radars is significantly wider than necessary with present modulation schemes. Most radars utilize some form of constant envelope pulse with phase or frequency modulation. This causes the spectrum to broaden to several times the information bandwidth. If both the amplitude and phase of the transmitted signal are allowed to change, a significantly narrower bandwidth can be achieved. The paper presents a method to create waveforms with instantaneous bandwidths of 20 MHz confined within -100 dB. The theoretical spectral results of three popular phase modulation schemes (phase shift keying, minimum phase shift keying and derivative phase shift keying) are compared with the spectrally clean results. In addition, the Chireix out-phasing method is presented as an alternative to generating amplitude and phase modulated waveforms. The Chireix method provides a way of improving the efficiency compared to the conventional class A power amplifier. Preliminary results are shown for a spectrally clean waveform.

Published in:

Radar Conference, 2004. Proceedings of the IEEE

Date of Conference:

26-29 April 2004