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The finite-element method with domain decomposition for electromagnetic bistatic scattering from the comprehensive model of a ship on and a target above a large-scale rough sea surface

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2 Author(s)
Peng Liu ; Key Lab. of Wave Scattering & Remote Sensing Inf., Fudan Univ., Shanghai, China ; Ya-Qiu Jin

The domain decomposition method (DDM) and finite-element method (FEM) are developed for numerical solution of bistatic scattering from the composite model of a ship on and a target above a two-dimensional (2-D) randomly rough sea surface under an electromagnetic (EM) wave incidence at low grazing angle. The coupling boundary conditions on the interface between two adjacent subdomains are derived when the conformal perfectly matched layer is used as the truncation boundary of the FEM, and the final coupling matrices are obtained by using the inward-looking approach. Because the computational domain with several millions of unknowns can be solved on a personal computer, our FEM-DDM method is powerful for scattering simulation of a very large-scale rough surface with targets presence. In addition to reduction of the memory storage, the superiority of this method in computing time over the conventional FEM is also demonstrated. Our codes are examined by the FEM without DDM, the forward-backward method (FBM), and generalized FBM for some simple cases. Numerical simulations of bistatic scattering from a comprehensive model of a ship on and a target above the 2-D randomly rough perfectly conducting sea surface in large electric scale are obtained, and its functional dependence on many physical parameters of the targets and oceanic status are discussed.

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Geoscience and Remote Sensing, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:42 ,  Issue: 5 )