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Unit step response characteristics of impulse voltage measuring systems are studied with the help of numerical electromagnetics code (NEC-2). Prior to this analysis, the accuracy of a transient analysis by this method is investigated for a simple structure. An impulse voltage measuring system, under application of step voltage, behaves like an antenna until a traveling wave makes several roundtrips in its lead wire. NEC-2 code can analyze such dynamic electromagnetic field around a three-dimensional (3-D) conductor system. In the present paper, the role of a shield ring of a divider for lightning impulse voltage is intensively investigated and discussed.
Date of Publication: Jan. 2004