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Multiple-resource periodic scheduling problem: how much fairness is necessary?

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3 Author(s)
Dakai Zhu ; Dept. of Comput. Sci., Pittsburgh Univ., PA, USA ; D. Mosse ; R. Melhem

The Pfair algorithms are optimal for independent periodic real-time tasks executing on a multiple-resource system. However, they incur a high scheduling overhead by making scheduling decisions in every time unit to enforce proportional progress for each task. In this paper, we will propose a novel scheduling algorithm, boundary fair (BF), which makes scheduling decisions and enforces fairness to tasks only at period boundaries. The BF algorithm is also optimal in the sense that it achieves 100% system utilization. Moreover, by making scheduling decisions at period boundaries, BF effectively reduces the number of scheduling points. Theoretically, the BF algorithm has the same complexity as that of the Pfair algorithms. But, in practice, it could reduce the number of scheduling points dramatically (e.g., up to 75% in our experiments) and thus reduce the overall scheduling overhead, which is especially important for online scheduling.

Published in:

Real-Time Systems Symposium, 2003. RTSS 2003. 24th IEEE

Date of Conference:

3-5 Dec. 2003