By Topic

CMOS high-speed I/Os - present and future

Sign In

Cookies must be enabled to login.After enabling cookies , please use refresh or reload or ctrl+f5 on the browser for the login options.

Formats Non-Member Member
$33 $13
Learn how you can qualify for the best price for this item!
Become an IEEE Member or Subscribe to
IEEE Xplore for exclusive pricing!
close button

puzzle piece

IEEE membership options for an individual and IEEE Xplore subscriptions for an organization offer the most affordable access to essential journal articles, conference papers, standards, eBooks, and eLearning courses.

Learn more about:

IEEE membership

IEEE Xplore subscriptions

7 Author(s)
Lee, M.-J.E. ; Velio Commun. Inc., Milpitas, CA, USA ; Dally, W.J. ; Farjad-Rad, R. ; Hiok-Tiaq Ng
more authors

High-speed I/O circuits, once used only for PHYs, are now widely used for intra-system signaling as well because of their bandwidth, power, area, and cost advantages. This technology enables chips with over 1 Tb/s of I/O bandwidth today and over 10 Tb/s of bandwidth by 2010 as both signaling rates and number of high-speed I/Os increase with process scaling. Key technologies that enable this growth in I/O performance include low-jitter clock circuits and equalized signaling. An analysis of clock jitter and channel interference suggests that signaling rates should track transistor performance to rates of at least 40 Gb/s over boards, back-planes, and short-distance cables.

Published in:

Computer Design, 2003. Proceedings. 21st International Conference on

Date of Conference:

13-15 Oct. 2003