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Most dangerous breakdowns are caused by the aging effects of HV insulation systems used within HV components, and there is still a lack of appropriate tools to diagnose such systems non-destructively and reliably in the field. This review introduces the theoretical background of dielectric spectroscopy in the time and frequency domains and provides an overview about the specific measuring methods based on this background. The specific methods treated are used for diagnosing electric insulation materials used in power engineering. It indicates that some of these methods may not be sufficient to gain full information about the actual conditions of a test object and that either measurements of polarization and depolarization currents (PDC in the time domain or measurements of C-tanδ values (or complex permittivity) in the frequency domain (FDS) should be preferred to obtain a "dielectric response function" which offers much more information to judge the actual state of an insulation material or system.
Date of Publication: Sept.-Oct. 2003