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Bias learning, knowledge sharing

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2 Author(s)
Ghosn, J. ; Dept. of Informatique et Recherche Operationnelle, Univ. de Montreal, Que., Canada ; Bengio, Y.

Biasing properly the hypothesis space of a learner has been shown to improve generalization performance. Methods for achieving this goal have been proposed, that range from designing and introducing a bias into a learner to automatically learning the bias. Multitask learning methods fall into the latter category. When several related tasks derived from the same domain are available, these methods use the domain-related knowledge coded in the training examples of all the tasks as a source of bias. We extend some of the ideas presented in this field and describe a new approach that identifies a family of hypotheses, represented by a manifold in hypothesis space, that embodies domain-related knowledge. This family is learned using training examples sampled from a group of related tasks. Learning models trained on these tasks are only allowed to select hypotheses that belong to the family. We show that the new approach encompasses a large variety of families which can be learned. A statistical analysis on a class of related tasks is performed that shows significantly improved performances when using this approach.

Published in:

Neural Networks, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:14 ,  Issue: 4 )