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We present the design, development and full characterization of two direct conversion receiver front-end architectures for IEEE802.11a application in IBM's SiGe BiCMOS technology. These approaches include: a) conventional 50Ω system, b) fully monolithic front-end. The developed ICs are targeted for the upper U-NII band at frequency range of 5.725-5.825 GHz and include a low noise amplifier (LNA), two mixers in quadrature, and a frequency divider. All of these circuits use fully monolithic implementation. The LNA provides a gain of 11 dB, noise figure of 4.4dB, IIP3 of -2dBm and occupies an area of 0.7mm × 0.7mm. A micromixer topology has been adopted in case of 50Ω system and provides 9.2dB gain, input matching of 16dB, double sideband noise figure of 19.5 dB, input 1 dB compression point of -3 dBm, IIP3 and IIP2 of +6 and +32 dBm respectively, dynamic DC offset of 1.6mV, and occupies an area of 1.6mm × 1mm. The fully integrated receiver utilizes single-ended Gilbert cell mixers, and occupies a compact area of 1.6mm × 1.3mm. It exhibits 20.2dB gain, input 1 dB compression point (input P1dB) of -15.5 dBm, input matching of 15 dB, IIP3 and IIP2 of -3 dBm and +31 dBm respectively, double sideband noise figure of 7.1 dB, dynamic DC offset of 1mV, and LO to RF leakage of 78 dB. The LNA draws 5.78mA from a 2.8V supply, both micromixers draw 10.3mA from 3.1V supply, both Gilbert cell mixers draw 12.71mA from a 3.75V supply, and the frequency divider draws 22mA from 3.75V supply. Two different system architectures are chosen for an architectural trade-off of direct conversion receivers at 5.8GHz. To the best of our knowledge, this work presents the first report of SiGe BiCMOS direct conversion receiver front-ends and their architectural trade-offs for the IEEE802.11a standard at 5.8GHz.
Microwave Symposium Digest, 2003 IEEE MTT-S International (Volume:3 )
Date of Conference: 8-13 June 2003