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A review of portable FES-based neural orthoses for the correction of drop foot

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4 Author(s)
Lyons, G.M. ; Dept. of Electron. & Comput. Eng., Limerick Univ., Ireland ; Sinkjaer, T. ; Burridge, J.H. ; Wilcox, D.J.

Reviews the technological developments in neural orthoses for the correction of upper motor neurone drop foot since 1961, when the technique was first proposed by Liberson and his co-workers. Drop foot stimulator (DFS) developments are reviewed starting with hard-wired single-channel and multichannel surface functional electrical stimulation (FES) systems, followed by implanted drop foot stimulators, and then continuing with microprocessor-based surface and implanted drop foot stimulators. The review examines the role of artificial and "natural" sensors as replacements for the foot-switch as the primary control sensor in drop foot stimulators. DFS systems incorporating real-time control of FES and completely implanted DFS systems finish the review.

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Neural Systems and Rehabilitation Engineering, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:10 ,  Issue: 4 )