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Baseband speech coding at 2400 bps using "Spherical vector quantization"

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3 Author(s)
Adoul, J.-P. ; Université de Sherbrooke, Québec, Canada ; Lamblin, C. ; Leguyader, A.

This paper concerns a new Quantization Scheme for efficient encoding of waveforms below or about one bit per sample. This technique is then applied to the encoding of baseband residual signals to demonstrate the feasibility of (baseband) Residual Excited LPC at 2400 hit/sec. The technique called "Spherical Vector Quantization" is described in which a block of n consecutive samples is quantized as a vector. The magnitude of the vector is transmitted independently of the vector's orientation. This vector's orientation is vector quantized using a codebook which can be seen as representing a set of N points on a unit hypersphere. The cases for blocks of n = 8 and 24 are discussed which make use of results by Conway and Sloane on regular point lattices. For n = 8, the algorithm is detailed which solves both the problem of finding the closest point on the hypersphere and the problem of determining the index of that point. Experiments involving SVQ in coding the speech baseband residual are described which show in particular that subband coding does not contribute any quality improvement when SVQ is used.

Published in:

Acoustics, Speech, and Signal Processing, IEEE International Conference on ICASSP '84.  (Volume:9 )

Date of Conference:

Mar 1984