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Since it is practically difficult to generate and propagate an impulse, often a system is excited by a narrow time domain pulse. The output is recorded and then a numerical deconvolution is often done to extract the impulse response of the object. Classically, the fast Fourier transform technique has been applied with much success to the above deconvolution problem. However, when the signal to noise ratio becomes small, sometimes one encounters instability with the FFT approach. In this paper, the method of conjugate gradient is applied to the deconvolution problem entirely in the time domain. The method converges for any initial guess in a finite number of steps. Also for the application of the conjugate gradient method the time samples need not be uniform like FFT. Computed impulse response utilizing this technique has been presented for measured incident and scattered fields from a sphere and a cylinder.
Acoustics, Speech, and Signal Processing, IEEE International Conference on ICASSP '85. (Volume:10 )
Date of Conference: 26-29 April 1985