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It is possible to recognize the modulation type of an unknown signal in noise by its envelope characteristics. A quantity found to be distinctive to a given modulation type is the ratio (R) of the variance of the envelope to the square of the mean of the envelope. Equations of R for four modulation types, as a function of the carrier to noise ratio, are derived and used to set up a classification scheme. The R of a received signal is first computed. Then its modulation type is determined according to the range R falls in. Simulation experiments have confirmed some of the theoretical development as well as the effectiveness of the identification scheme.
Acoustics, Speech, and Signal Processing, IEEE International Conference on ICASSP '85. (Volume:10 )
Date of Conference: Apr 1985