By Topic

A Markov chain sequence generator for power macromodeling

Sign In

Cookies must be enabled to login.After enabling cookies , please use refresh or reload or ctrl+f5 on the browser for the login options.

Formats Non-Member Member
$33 $13
Learn how you can qualify for the best price for this item!
Become an IEEE Member or Subscribe to
IEEE Xplore for exclusive pricing!
close button

puzzle piece

IEEE membership options for an individual and IEEE Xplore subscriptions for an organization offer the most affordable access to essential journal articles, conference papers, standards, eBooks, and eLearning courses.

Learn more about:

IEEE membership

IEEE Xplore subscriptions

2 Author(s)
Xun Liu ; Dept. of Electr. Eng. & Comput. Sci., Michigan Univ., Ann Arbor, MI, USA ; M. C. Papaefthymiou

In this paper, we present a novel sequence generator based on a Markov chain model. Specifically, we formulate the problem of generating a sequence of vectors with given average input probability p, average transition density d, and spatial correlation s as a transition matrix computation problem, in which the matrix elements are subject to constraints derived from the specified statistics. We also give a practical heuristic that computes such a matrix and generates a sequence of l n-bit vectors in O(nl + n2) time. Derived from a strongly mixing Markov chain, our generator yields binary vector sequences with accurate statistics, high uniformity, and high randomness. Experimental results show that our sequence generator can cover more than 99% of the parameter space. Sequences of 2,000 48-bit vectors are generated in less than 0.05 seconds, with average deviations of the signal statistics p, d, and s equal to 1.6%, 1.8%, and 2.8%, respectively. Our generator enables the detailed study of power macromodeling. Using our tool and the ISCAS-85 benchmark circuits, we have assessed the sensitivity of power dissipation to the three input statistics p, d, and s. Our investigation reveals that power is most sensitive to transition density, while only occasionally exhibiting high sensitivity to signal probability and spatial correlation. Our experiments also show that input signal imbalance can cause estimation errors as high as 100% in extreme cases, although errors are usually within 25%.

Published in:

Computer Aided Design, 2002. ICCAD 2002. IEEE/ACM International Conference on

Date of Conference:

10-14 Nov. 2002