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Two algorithms to segment white Gaussian data with piecewise constant variances

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2 Author(s)
Wang, Zhen ; Electr. & Comput. Eng. Dept. & Inst. for Syst. Res., Univ. of Maryland, College Park, MD, USA ; Willett, P.

Two new algorithms are presented for the segmentation of a white Gaussian-distributed time series having unknown but piecewise-constant variances. The first "sequential/minimum description length (MDL)" idea includes a rough parsing via the GLR, a penalization of segmentations having too many parts via MDL, and an optional refinement stage. The second "Gibbs sampling" approach is Bayesian and develops a Monte Carlo estimator. From simulation, it appears that both schemes are very accurate in terms of their segmentation but that the sequential/MDL approach is orders of magnitude lower in its computational needs. The Gibbs approach can, however, be useful and efficient as a final post-processing step. Both approaches (and a hybrid) are compared with several algorithms from the literature.

Published in:

Signal Processing, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:51 ,  Issue: 2 )

Date of Publication:

Feb 2003

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