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Application of the fractional Fourier transform to moving target detection in airborne SAR

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4 Author(s)
Hong-Bo Sun ; Dept. of Electron. Eng., Nanjing Univ. of Sci. & Technol., China ; Guo-Sui Liu ; Hong Gu ; Wei-min Su

As a useful signal processing technique, the fractional Fourier transform (FrFT) is largely unknown to the radar signal processing community. In this correspondence, the FrFT is applied to airborne synthetic aperture radar (SAR) slow-moving target detection. For airborne SAR, the echo from a ground moving target can be regarded approximately as a chirp signal, and the FrFT is a way to concentrate the energy of a chirp signal. Therefore, the FrFT presents a potentially effective technique for ground moving target detection in airborne SAR. Compared with the common Wigner-Ville distribution (WVD) algorithm, the FrFT is a linear operator, and will not be influenced by cross-terms even if multiple moving targets exist. Moreover, to solve the problem whereby weak targets are shadowed by the sidelobes of strong ones, a new implementation of the CLEAN technique is proposed based on filtering in the fractional Fourier domain. In this way strong moving targets and weak ones can be detected iteratively. This combined method is demonstrated by using raw clutter data combined with simulated moving targets.

Published in:

Aerospace and Electronic Systems, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:38 ,  Issue: 4 )