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The Archimedean two-wire spiral antenna

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1 Author(s)
Kaiser, J. ; Diamond Ordnance Fuze Labs., Washington, DC, USA

A pair of equally excited but oppositely sensed Archimedean two-wire spirals situated close to one another in the same plane-a doublet-is used to generate a linearly polarized field in which the direction of polarization and phase are controlled or varied independently of each other by rotation of the spiral radiators. An array of these doublets can be made to scan by rotation of the several spiral elements; an eight-doublet array which was made to scan over an83degsector with small amplitude variation is discussed. A doublet fed from a ring network can be employed as a polarization diversity circuit. A virtual doublet is achieved by placing a single spiral in a fight angle trough. A preliminary scanning array comprising four spirals in a trough was made to scanpm36deg. The possibility of using a parasitic spiral in conjunction with a driven spiral for obtaining linear polarization of variable direction and phase is indicated. Also, a brief simplified analysis of the two-wire Archimedean spiral is presented, which leads to the concept of higher-order modes of radiation.

Published in:

Antennas and Propagation, IRE Transactions on  (Volume:8 ,  Issue: 3 )