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Error modeling in stereo navigation

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2 Author(s)
Matthies, L. ; Carnegie-Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA, USA ; Shafer, S.A.

In stereo navigation, a mobile robot estimates its position by tracking landmarks with on-board cameras. Previous systems for stereo navigation have suffered from poor accuracy, in part because they relied on scalar models of measurement error in triangulation. Using three-dimensional (3D) Gaussian distributions to model triangulation error is shown to lead to much better performance. How to compute the error model from image correspondences, estimate robot motion between frames, and update the global positions of the robot and the landmarks over time are discussed. Simulations show that, compared to scalar error models, the 3D Gaussian reduces the variance in robot position estimates and better distinguishes rotational from translational motion. A short indoor run with real images supported these conclusions and computed the final robot position to within two percent of distance and one degree of orientation. These results illustrate the importance of error modeling in stereo vision for this and other applications.

Published in:

Robotics and Automation, IEEE Journal of  (Volume:3 ,  Issue: 3 )