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Given a real strictly Hurwitz polynomial the standard method of calculating the continued fraction expansion of about its pole at infinity uses Routh's scheme or Hurwitz's determinants , in the coefficients of (on the equivalence of the two, see ). In filter theory, cases are often encountered where knowledge of the zeros of precedes that of its coefficients, and one would then prefer to have formulas for the coefficients in the above continued fraction expansion directly in terms of the former rather than the latter. This is achieved by expressing as bialternants in the zeros of and reads , where the alternant in the denominator is the Vandermonde in , whereas the alternant in the numerator is obtained from it on replacing the exponents by . Examples include and .