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A multipurpose CCD comb filter with combing and delaying functions

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4 Author(s)

Describes the organization and performance of a multipurpose CCD comb filter to separate luminance and chrominance from the composite color video signal. The filter consists of a main (long) and two sub- (short) channels terminated at two comb outputs (add and subtract) and a simple delayed output. It is operated at 4/spl times/f/SUB SC/(f/SUB SC/: color subcarrier frequency). The comb filter transfer functions are usually shifted toward the lower frequency and the rejection ratios are degraded, due to the incomplete charge transfer. However, the small notch frequency shifts (<25 Hz) and high rejection ratios (>40 dB) were experimentally obtained. Moreover, low differential gain (<1 percent) and low differential phase (<1.5/spl deg/) were obtained for the separated chrominance signal, regardless of APL variation. The second-order comb filter was constructed using three identical devices and used in a TV receiver. The reproduced image was much superior to that obtained by the conventional separation circuit. Some other application schemes in video signal processing systems were proposed.

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Solid-State Circuits, IEEE Journal of  (Volume:16 ,  Issue: 6 )