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We present space-time transmit filters for FDD DS-CDMA systems based on partial channel state information, i.e. we do not take into account the channel coefficients. Although the FDD transmit zero-forcing filter seems to be the most intuitive approach, we focus on the FDD transmit matched filter and the FDD transmit Wiener filter. Similarly to the respective receive filters and TDD transmit filters, the FDD matched filter maximizes the desired signal portion at the receiver and is optimum for low signal-to-noise-ratio scenarios, whereas the FDD transmit Wiener filter takes into account the noise power at the receiver and is therefore able to find an optimum trade-off between signal maximization and interference suppression. Additionally, we show that the FDD transmit matched filter is a type of eigenbeamforming. The simulation results reveal the excellent performance of the two FDD transmit filters. The FDD transmit Wiener filter even outperforms the TDD transmit matched filter for high signal-to-noise-ratio which is based on the instantaneous channel properties.
Personal, Indoor and Mobile Radio Communications, 2002. The 13th IEEE International Symposium on (Volume:5 )
Date of Conference: 15-18 Sept. 2002